OHBT Project

March 12, 2021




 One of the greatest epidemics of all time and the greatest pandemic of modern times is COVID-19(SARs-CoV-2) more commonly known as Corona Virus. The new coronavirus was discovered and a major acute respiratory syndrome is caused by coronaviruses. It is also known as SARS-CoV-2, which means that this infection coronavirus was the same as SARS-CoV. It was confirmed to be named COVID-19 in 2019.

The WHO updates indicate an unimaginable increase in the number of reported cases of coronavirus 19 in the world from the 2nd week of March up to the present day. By 28 March 2020, 512,701 cases of COVID-19 were confirmed and 23,495 deaths were registered in the World Health Organization (WHO). The virus has affected 202 countries and territories worldwide. This virus’s mortality rates continue to rise day by day; based on the reported case and mortality updates from the Organization, up until now, the mortality rate is 22 percent. CoVID-19 or Corona Virus has had a huge impact on nations all around the world. Whether cultural, economic or health issues, it has affected nations everywhere.

Economic Issues

The pandemic spread of coronavirus has left companies all over the world to count costs and to wonder how they could recover. A collection of charts and maps is available here to help you understand the virus’s economic effects to date.

Fluctuation in Global Shares

Incredible financial market fluctuations when corporate shares are acquired and sold can influence the pension value or ISAs. As the number of cases of Covid-19 increased, the FTSE, the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and Nikkei all saw major decreases. In the first three months of 1987, Dow and FTSE recorded their biggest quarterly declines.

Loss of Employment

Also in many nations, including the United Kingdom, central banks have lowered interest rates. This should, in theory, reduce the cost of borrowing and increase investment in the economy. After the intervention of politicians, financial markets have re-established some territory. However, some experts warned of uncertainty until a second wave of the pandemic would ease worries. Most lost their employment or the coronavirus outbreak decreased their earnings. Because of this, unemployment rates have risen in major economies.

The IMF says 10.4% of the US population is out of work, hitting one of the world’s largest economies for a decade of growth. Millions of employee retention programs, such as tourism or hospitality, were often funded with state funds as economic industries were shut down. Data vary, however, among countries. For example, when the United Kingdom has already registered employees, France, Germany, and Italy submit information about applications.


Research explains the broad and enduring detrimental effect of the epidemic on global economic growth, with no nation remaining unharmed. In the short future, the Republic of China and the Evolving Asian Community would do well. As the dissemination of the disease is sure to persist to interrupt wealth creation and adversely affect industrial and production sectors, particularly in developed nations, we anticipate currency institutions to remain unstable.

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55 million domestic workers significantly impacted by COVID-19. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 Crisis on Loss of Jobs and Hours among Domestic Workers.

Chapman, B., Swainston, J., Grunfeld, E., & Derakshan, N. (2020, October 29). COVID-19 Outbreak Effects on Job Security and Emotional Functioning Amongst Women Living With Breast Cancer. Retrieved from Frontiers in Psychology https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.582014/full

Chudik, A., Mohaddes, K., & Pesar, M. (2020, October 19). Economic consequences of Covid-19: A counterfactual multi-country analysis. Retrieved from Vox: https://voxeu.org/article/economic-consequences-covid-19-multi-country-analysis.

 Pak, A., Adegboye, O., Adekunle, A., Rahman, K., McBryde, E., & Eisen, D. (2020, May 29). Economic Consequences of the COVID-19 Outbreak: the Need for Epidemic Preparedness. Retrieved from Frontiers in Public Health: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00241/full#h3



Homeless communities can be categorized based on the circumstances of the people as it is a global issue. The community cannot be categorized by ethnicity or religion but by the living state/province of the people. The homeless community can be geographically but depends merely on the circumstances and the living state of the people.  

The members of the community are the people who are unable to have regular, and suitable residence or the people living in public/private shelter houses designed to provide temporary shelter with food and necessities as well as a public-private place hogged by homeless peopleAnother type of homelessness is a type of person who is couch surfing, meaning moving in with friends or family temporarily. People with no permanent address are also members of this community (Institute of Medicine, 1988). 

The role people play in this community can be categorized in people who are forced to be homeless due to their poverty and lack of living facilities Secondly some people choose to be homeless because of their addiction to a substance like drugs, alcohol and are not motivated to work on themselves or to improve their living conditions. They are dependent on the living facilities provided by the government. 

Poverty is the major cause of being a homeless person. Homeless people have a lot of concerns that they can solve. All of these problems are poverty. They may not have the resources to supply them with lodging and food. Many of them do not have jobs and find it impossible to get jobs. He goes back to the fact that they are not able to get jobs, which suggests that they do not have sources of income. Owing to a lack of schooling, most organizations and corporations do not accept them. The community of homeless people has the support of the government and some social workers who support provide them with basic facilities (Alowaimer, 2018). 

I am a part of a society in which there is a huge amount of homeless communities living on streets with proper shelter and necessities. I have seen this community very closely as there is no suitable residences provided for them by the government and they are involved in illegal activities like robbery, drugs. As a responsible individual of a society, it is my duty to observe other communities living around me and to talk about their basic rights and the threat they possess to society.  

It has a ripple effect throughout the community. It impacts on the availability of healthcare resources, crime and safety, the workforce, and the use of tax dollars, and all the members of the community are affected by this. The economic situation of the country is affected by the taxes used to provide for the homeless community.  

The situation of the homeless communities during the covid-19 pandemic is making their lives more difficult as they have less protective equipment and are at high risk of severe illness due to their living conditions and the transmission rate Is high. The shelter homes are made for the homeless and medical funds are provided for the homeless to help them in this critical time (CDC, 2020). 

The community needs to address the issue as they are people of the society and they have the right to have the basic needs for themselves. These people posses a threat to the community because of their illegal activities e.g., robbery, drugs, and kidnapping moreover they are a burden on the economic situation of the country as a huge amount of money is used to provide them with health care facilities and shelter homes (Caring Works). 

The issue of homeless people is one of the major issues of the society as this matter requires the attention of the government, social workers, and every individual of the society so that the living situation of the homeless people could be improved. 

Homelessness is a global phenomenon that had affected the entire world. Even the superpower countries like the USA, China, Russia, etc have this problem arising which has only been made worse by the recent events of covid-19. The worldwide recession caused by this calamity has transgressed into a world-wide depression which has not only left all of the countries and communities in distress but has made it essential for all of them to be allies to compensate for the loss of jobs and homes for people if they wish to control the rising poverty level.  

The skills and strengths we can offer to the community in addressing the issue is the need for proper motivation to resolve the problem. We will suggest the government build a training institute that will teach them new skills, as well as free education, should be provided to children. 

The home-less community has its strength and power. They are supported by the government for their healthcare and living support is given to them. The political parties use them for gaining votes. The strength of homeless people includes their skills and their unity to work as a group. Homeless people are capable interact with challenging circumstances, adopting a human agency focus rooted in the constructionist model of resilience (Benjamin and Maryann, 2016). 

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Benjamin S. Roebuck, Maryann M. Roebuck. (2016). The Strengths of Young People Who Are Homeless. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health35(2), 1–12. https://www.homelesshub.ca/resource/strengths-young-people-who-are-homeless 

Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Health Care for Homeless People. Washington (DC). (1988). Homelessness, Health, and Human Needs. Https://Www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK218239/#:~:text=As%20has%20been%20seen%20in,and%20people%20in%20rural%20areas

Osama Alowaimer. (2018). Causes, Effects and Issues of Homeless People. Https://Www.Longdom.Org/. https://www.longdom.org/open-access/causes-effects-and-issues-of-homeless-people-2167-0358-1000223.pdf 

Caring Works. (n.d.). Homelessness Affects All of Us. Https://Www.Caringworksinc.Org/. https://www.caringworksinc.org/our-impact/community-impact/#:~:text=Homelessness%20Affects%20All%20of%20Us&text=It%20has%20a%20ripple%20effect,as%20well%20as%20the%20future

CDC. (2020). Homelessness and COVID-19 FAQs. Https://Www.Cdc.Gov/. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/homeless-shelters/faqs.html 




Women wear makeup in Canadian society either because they are insecure about their real appearances or because they want to conform to the social norm because they can face unacceptance in society for not wearing makeup. There are also women who want to wear makeup as a part of their free will, but the social norm also plays role in developing that behavior. For example, Kim Kardashian passed a negative comment on her sister Kourtney when she was not wearing makeup. Those women who cannot afford good quality and expensive makeup products or those who do not want to wear makeup as a social norm find this nom to be oppressive. I want to challenge this norm to change the ideas of women beauty, to free women from social pressure, and to promote acceptance towards one’s real beauty.   Women are believed to have perfect bodies and the idea is articulated throughout mass media. The norm of wearing makeup dates back to ancient Egyptian era where Cleopatra used lipstick as a makeup item. But, that was a long time ago, only royal and high class females were allowed to wear makeup. Makeup grew as a social norm for women in 1920s and 1930s and the fashion and makeup industries are growing ever since. However, this social norm of wearing makeup is not a healthy norm because it depicts women to have perfection in every aspect of their lives. They have to look perfect to meet the social expectations. Wearing makeup creates an incorrect idea of beauty where women have to have the flaws on their faces covered. This can also negatively affect the other women who do not have perfect skins and do not like to wear makeup.  This essay is aimed at challenging this social norm by thoroughly examining its causes and designing an experiment as a way to challenge the norm. 

In my experiment, I would go out without wearing makeup for a period of one week. This will help me to record the initial social reaction to our without-makeup faces and to see how my continuous behavior is accepted or rejected by my surroundings. This experiment will take place in the places where I have  physical presence; my building, on line and the places where I would go out. 

I tried not wearing makeup for one week. I would wake up in the morning, was my face with cleanser, apply sunscreen and moisturizer on my face and head out or do my personal meetings online during covid. The first day of my experiment was challenging because i would be asked if anything was wrong with me because i was not wearing makeup, they asked if I was tense and dealing with some difficult situation in my live. I  went out to eat and i  attracted some gazes because i am a female, i was not wearing any makeup. People seemed to think something was terribly wrong with with my mental and physical health.   The experiment was difficult in the beginning as I invited gazes and question. However, everyone in our surroundings got accustomed to our bare faces within 2 and the rest of the period of experiment was easy and I enjoyed having no pressure of wearing makeup. I believe that we can easily continue our behavior of not wearing makeup in the long run. There would be no change in our daily life but we may face difficulty while dating. This is because I may not wear makeup and our surrounding grow accustomed to it, but a larger part of society would take long to change the set stereotypes and set standards of beauty. 

My experiment was very simple and basic and I decided to do it without giving much thought to preparation. I could have talked to my friends about the social norm of wearing makeup and tell them my perspective about it. This way my first day would be easier than it was. My experiment turned out exactly as I thought it would. I was hoping that people would be shocked at first, find it hard to accept a face without makeup, and then they will grow accustomed to it and take it to be normal to not wear any makeup. My location and identity played a great role. My location was my home community where people notice what a person is wearing, so the change and a reaction to it had to come. On the places where i would hang out like in my building, online,  restaurants or even just walking into a store are also the places where it is a norm to wear makeup and be all dolled up. Being a female made the experiment more interesting and challenging because we had to apply everything on ourselves and face the reactions. I found my experiment to be very practical and I would carry out the same experiment if I have to, without changing anything. 

The inference drawn from the above discussion is that all the social norms are not healthy and expecting women to wear makeup in all social settings set a false beauty standards that can be detrimental for mental health of many women. Challenging this norm is need of the time and it is not difficult to change society’s perspective as it was proved by the experiment.

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Buegeler, C. (2016). Makeup, Your Mind: Social Expectations and Perceptions of Makeup Use (Doctoral dissertation, Brandeis University).

Edmonds, M. (nd) How Makeup Works, retrieved 15-02-2021, from https://people.howstuffworks.com/about-makeup1.htm

Lee, J. (2017) Defying the Norms of Makeup and Gender: Electra Snow’s Rainbow Eyes and Strive for Equality, retrieved 15-02-2021, from https://medium.com/thinking-about-queer-art-performance/defying-the-norms-of-makeup-and-gender-electra-snows-rainbow-eyes-and-strive-for-equality-d2658bf307c1

Ruffini, K. (2018) Kim Kardashian’s Comments About Kourtney’s Looks Are Uncalled For In This New ‘KUWTK’ Clip, retrieved 15-02-2021, from https://www.elitedaily.com/p/kim-kardashians-comments-about-kourtneys-looks-are-uncalled-for-in-this-new-kuwtk-clip-9958935

The female gaze (2016) Makeup, Social Expectations, and the Construction of Identity, retrieved 15-02-2021, from https://thefemalegaze.org/2016/05/01/makeup-social-expectations-and-the-construction-of-identity/