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Want to know Safe TO 10 Year Community Plan?

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Want to know Safe TO 10 Year Community Plan?

You Need To Read This First

Toronto is home to more than a 2.9 million people. This great city is Canada’s most significant
Economic engine and one of the most livable. The City has a bold, new approach to community
safety. It is working with all sectors, communities, and government agencies.

The definition of community safety should be expanded beyond crime and policing to include

● Redefining trauma and strengthening the ability of the City to learn from it and respond

● We can be more proactive and able to take action earlier.

● Innovating mechanisms to integrate multi-sector data in decision-making and investment

● Implementing a multisectoral governance structure that brings together our critical
partners in collaborative leadership.

● A commitment to a long-term vision of safety and wellbeing in the community and a
comprehensive plan to achieve it.

Safe TO will promote 26 priority actions to achieve seven strategic goals. These include:

● reduce vulnerability
● fall violence
● development truth
● settlement
● help healing
● fairness
● invest and provision people
● Capitalize in societies.

It serves as a guideline to help the City and all social services that Torontonians use,
including community services, schools, justice, police, and healthcare, work together
across government and sectors to promote safety and wellbeing. The City Council will
receive an implementation plan in December 2021.

Community safety & policing act

Legislative requirements


The advisory committee, communities affected, and others who serve them will be included in
the process of prioritizing risk factors and identifying strategies to address them.
Alignment to the Police Service Board

Police Service Boards are responsible for implementing business plans that support and align
with the goals of the CSWB Plan.

Publish Completed Plan

The Metropolis will make a description and broadcast the CSWB Plan.

Municipal Security and Well-Being Development Outline

Our work uses the Public Care and Well-Being Preparation Framework shaped by the Ministry
of Solicitor General with associates from a extensive variety of trades, including the City.
Societal Growth (Upstream).

Social development is a multi-disciplinary effort and investment that goes beyond the immediate
needs of the individual. It also requires investments and long-term, multi-disciplinary work to
improve the social determinants and health of the individual and reduce the likelihood of
victimization and harm. Social development is best if it is done responsibly.

Prevention (Midstream)

Prevention is the proactive implementation of evidence-based policy and program measures to
reduce local priorities risks to community safety, wellbeing, and security before leading to
crime, victimization, and harm.

There are many chances to absorb from precautionary exertions. This can be an excellent
resource for strategic investments in social and economic development.

Risk Intervention (Downstream)

Risk intervention collaborates with multiple sectors to stop escalating situations that pose an
increased risk of harm.

The lessons learned from mobilizing risk intervention will inform the way strategies and
investments are made in the prevention and social-development areas.

Incident Response

Rapid and reactive responses to safety or crime can include urgency.
This area is too small to be a source of community safety and wellbeing.

Prioritized Challenges

Following a staff review of the existing engagement and consultation data, the following areas
emerged. These areas reflect critical principles in the Safe TO work approach: build on the
existing institutional and community wisdom. It is essential that all the priority challenges are
interrelated and that the City will respond to them in different ways.

Prioritized #1 Challenge – Community Trauma


● The most vulnerable are those who live in areas with high levels of inequality and
violence. Untreated trauma can cause physical, psychological, and emotional harm,
adversely affecting safety, wellbeing, and community health. Primary trauma contributors
are systemic racism, inequity, and injustice.

● It is becoming increasingly clear that trauma, multi-generational or intergenerational,
racial trauma, as well as early trauma from adverse childhood experiences, can lead to
long-term harm, poor health outcomes, violence, and in some cases, perpetuation.

● Community consultations highlighted the need for the City’s priority in addressing
trauma. Recognizing trauma is a contributing cause and directly addressing its impact
on individuals and communities using culturally responsive methods can facilitate
healing from trauma’s manifestations and consequences.


● Trauma to the inter-generational or multi-generational resulting from historic harms
sustained by Indigenous peoples is often not recognized or treated. This can lead to
further traumatization if there is a negative interaction with government systems.
● Toronto has suffered numerous attacks, including the Yonge Street van assault and the
Danforth gunshot, which caused mass casualties. Additionally, specific communities are
more likely to be exposed to violence or experience adverse events in their communities.
These events can compound to traumatize entire communities and individuals.
● Initial statistics from the Work place of the Chief Conorer for Ontario shows 521
demises owing to opioid poisoning in Toronto in 2020. This is an upsurge of 78 percent
from 2019 and increase of 280 percent from 2015. Since the COVID-19 crisis, there has
been a significant increase in drug-related fatalities. Substance abuse often is triggered by
trauma. This has had devastating consequences for the loved ones of the victims and
those who worked with them.

Prioritized trial #2 – Communal Viciousness


● Toronto Board of Health has stated municipal fierceness a public fitness concern in 2019.

● Not only are individuals affected by gun violence in their communities, but also

● There has been a call to assemble strategic short-term and long-term movements in
direction and with multisectoral allies, community bests and peoples, to disturb the abrupt
risk of fierceness in the community and continue salaried to it will avoid it.


● There have been 119 shootings in Toronto as of May 19, 2021, resulting in 46 deaths and
12 injuries.

● Toronto is seeing an increase in incidents of intimate partner violence, including gender-
based violence, thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Prioritized #3 – Harm reduction and victimization


● A risk factor for complex conditions that could pose a danger to safety in the community
is being subjected to immediate and long-term harms of repeated victimization.
Substance use, hate crimes, and substance abuse are all possible risk factors. These harms
can continue to be a problem for the social determinants that affect health and increase
the risk of injustice-deserving communities.

● Promoting policies and programs to reduce victimization and harm and further
understanding vulnerability will ensure that individuals and communities have the
resources and support they need. This includes victim/witness, psychological-social, and
other supports that can promote community healing.

● Vulnerability can include cases of acquired brain injuries or developmental disabilities.

● Toronto saw an increase in hate-related incidents by 51 percent between 2020 and 2021.
The community has made explicit demands for the City of Toronto to prioritize efforts to
address inequity and racism.

● Calls for mental health to the police are at an average of 85 per day. 76% of all FOCUS
Toronto cases respond to mental illness.

● Other concerns include acquired and traumatic brain injuries, which are common among
people who experience homelessness. In 2008, a study showed that 53 percent of
Toronto’s homeless had experienced at least one traumatizing brain injury.

● Toronto Paramedic Services attended to 3861 suspected overdose calls in 2020. This
includes 268 cases involving death. This is an increase of 90 percent in the number of
suspected overdose deaths that Toronto Paramedic Services has attended. This is due to
drug-related overdoses, death, and criminalization of those who use drugs.

Prioritized #4 Challenge – Injustice


● Relying solely on the enforcement lens perpetuates the exclusion of Indigenous, Black,
and other justice-deserving groups from the criminal justice system. It isn’t easy to apply
a community justice lens consistently in approaches that address root causes of
community safety, wellbeing.

● Restorative justice is a method of justice that focuses on addressing the harm done by
crime while also holding the offender accountable.

● Reintegration is the support provided to offenders after their release from prison. It may
include restorative justice, treatment, and any other community-based services or

● Community members call for culturally responsive restorative and reintegration practices
that reflect the cultural identity and traditional as forms of intervention in their


● Approximately one in 15 young Black men in Ontario were punished to prison. This
relates to one in every 70 young White men. Furthermore, people incarcerated in Ontario
were more likely to reside in low-income areas. It has been shown that a siloed approach
towards community safety that emphasizes enforcement can lead to an over-
representation by Indigenous, Black, and other equity-deserving groups in the criminal
justice systems.

● From September 2018 to October 2019, Toronto’s Metro West Courthouse received 306
youth cases, 312 from the 31 division, and approximately 312 from the 23 Division. The
Metro West Courthouse has received over 40% of youth cases between September 2018
and October 2019.

● Indigenous children account for approximately 30% of foster kids in Ontario, even
though they make up only 4.1% of the Ontario population under 15 years old.
Priority Actions and Safe TO Goals
Below is a listing of Safe TO’s goals and priority actions.

Goal #1 – Reduce Vulnerability

You can reduce victimization and harm through proactive mental and susceptibility support
plans, life stability, community-led crisis support models, and cooperative risk-driven

Priority Actions

o Increase Multi-Sector Mental and Vulnerability Supports

o Life Stabilization and Supports for Service Navigation

o Embed Community Crisis Support Service to be a First-Response Service that is
Well-Resourced City-wide

o Strengthening, Aligning and Expanding Capacity for Collaborative Risk-Driven
Approaches to Reduce Harm and Victimization

Goal #2 – Reduce Violence

Adopt strategies to reduce gun violence, interpersonal and intimate partner violence. This can be
done through timely coordination of strategic efforts within communities and across systems.
The focus is on violence prevention, intervention and interruption, recovery, and rehabilitation.

Priority Actions

o Develop a Comprehensive Multisector Gun Violence Reduction Plan

o Start a complete, gender-based, and intimate-partner violence decrease strategy

Goal #3: Development Fact and Settlement

Actions and recommendations from the Path to Reconciliation Report promote safety and
wellbeing in communities for Indigenous Peoples and prioritize safety and wellbeing for
Indigenous-led communities.

Priority Actions

o Support Indigenous-led communities safety and wellbeing priorities

o To guide the City’s response to the National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Original Women and Girls, mature a plan of employment

o Upsurge Expressive Meeting With Indigenous Administrations and Societies By
Leveraging Teachings Learned About 3Relationship Construction

Goal #4 – Promote Justice and Healing

Priority Actions

o Be a Trauma-Informed, Responsive City

o Integrate Anti-Racism, Human Rights-Based Approaches in Policy Development and
Service Planning for all City Divisions.

o Strengthen Access to Community Justice by Prioritizing Culturally-Responsive
Reintegration and Restorative Practices, including Justice Centers.

Goal #5 – Invest in Folks

Strengthen support for families, children, youth, and adults by investing, skill development,
increased access to services and other opportunities.

Priority Actions

o Engage Residents, Build Community Capacity, and Lead

o Improve Services and Plans that Sustenance Child and Family Development and Well

o Invest In Youth Results To Safeguard Impartial, Positive Childhood Growing

o Enhance Equitable Access to Senior Supports

Goal #6 – Invest in Neighborhoods

To address the impact of neighborhoods on public spaces and their social, cultural, and economic
environments, develop responsive and accountable place-based strategies.

o Include clear and accountable nursing and reportage applies into combined place-based

o Enhance more Safe and Culturally-Accessible Community Seats and Development
Indigenous Place-Making

o Use Place-Based Economic Empowerment for Development Tactics

o To Enhance Local Ethnic Progress

Goal #7 – Drive partnership and answerability

Envisage core elements of community care and wellbeing to create the structure necessary to use
multi-sector evidence, data, and lived experience to respond directly to needs, augment
collaboration, inform service planning, advance law implementation reform, and assimilate

Priority Actions

o Develop a comprehensive strategy for sharing, integrating, and analyzing data from
multiple institutions to inform real-time policy planning and development

o Progress Regulating Reorganization

o Increase Multi-Sector Association via Partnership and Integrated Savings

o Safe TO Goals can be achieved by implementing robust communication approaches


City staff conducted extensive community consultations between November 2020 and April 2021

This included consultations that were population-specific and issue-specific, as well as
internal discussions between 18 City divisions, agencies, and corporations.

The community consultations were targeted at stakeholders who are involved in or have
experienced challenges related to the safety and well-being of the community. The consultations
were supplemented by interaction with residents, subject matter experts, and community
thought leaders. Over 2,500 stakeholders participated in the process. Written submissions were
also welcomed.

“Through Safe TO,” the City will implement a multi-sector proactive response to community
safety. It will be guided and guided by a single vision and set of priorities. It’s the best approach
to building a safer Toronto.

I look forward to receiving the implementation plan in the coming months and working with
community partners to make Toronto a safer place for all Toronto residents.
 – Mayor John Tory




 One of the greatest epidemics of all time and the greatest pandemic of modern times is COVID-19(SARs-CoV-2) more commonly known as Corona Virus. The new coronavirus was discovered and a major acute respiratory syndrome is caused by coronaviruses. It is also known as SARS-CoV-2, which means that this infection coronavirus was the same as SARS-CoV. It was confirmed to be named COVID-19 in 2019.

The WHO updates indicate an unimaginable increase in the number of reported cases of coronavirus 19 in the world from the 2nd week of March up to the present day. By 28 March 2020, 512,701 cases of COVID-19 were confirmed and 23,495 deaths were registered in the World Health Organization (WHO). The virus has affected 202 countries and territories worldwide. This virus’s mortality rates continue to rise day by day; based on the reported case and mortality updates from the Organization, up until now, the mortality rate is 22 percent. CoVID-19 or Corona Virus has had a huge impact on nations all around the world. Whether cultural, economic or health issues, it has affected nations everywhere.

Economic Issues

The pandemic spread of coronavirus has left companies all over the world to count costs and to wonder how they could recover. A collection of charts and maps is available here to help you understand the virus’s economic effects to date.

Fluctuation in Global Shares

Incredible financial market fluctuations when corporate shares are acquired and sold can influence the pension value or ISAs. As the number of cases of Covid-19 increased, the FTSE, the Dow Jones Industrial Average, and Nikkei all saw major decreases. In the first three months of 1987, Dow and FTSE recorded their biggest quarterly declines.

Loss of Employment

Also in many nations, including the United Kingdom, central banks have lowered interest rates. This should, in theory, reduce the cost of borrowing and increase investment in the economy. After the intervention of politicians, financial markets have re-established some territory. However, some experts warned of uncertainty until a second wave of the pandemic would ease worries. Most lost their employment or the coronavirus outbreak decreased their earnings. Because of this, unemployment rates have risen in major economies.

The IMF says 10.4% of the US population is out of work, hitting one of the world’s largest economies for a decade of growth. Millions of employee retention programs, such as tourism or hospitality, were often funded with state funds as economic industries were shut down. Data vary, however, among countries. For example, when the United Kingdom has already registered employees, France, Germany, and Italy submit information about applications.


Research explains the broad and enduring detrimental effect of the epidemic on global economic growth, with no nation remaining unharmed. In the short future, the Republic of China and the Evolving Asian Community would do well. As the dissemination of the disease is sure to persist to interrupt wealth creation and adversely affect industrial and production sectors, particularly in developed nations, we anticipate currency institutions to remain unstable.

Media Inquires

The Next Music Generation




55 million domestic workers significantly impacted by COVID-19. (2020). Impact of the COVID-19 Crisis on Loss of Jobs and Hours among Domestic Workers.

Chapman, B., Swainston, J., Grunfeld, E., & Derakshan, N. (2020, October 29). COVID-19 Outbreak Effects on Job Security and Emotional Functioning Amongst Women Living With Breast Cancer. Retrieved from Frontiers in Psychology https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.582014/full

Chudik, A., Mohaddes, K., & Pesar, M. (2020, October 19). Economic consequences of Covid-19: A counterfactual multi-country analysis. Retrieved from Vox: https://voxeu.org/article/economic-consequences-covid-19-multi-country-analysis.

 Pak, A., Adegboye, O., Adekunle, A., Rahman, K., McBryde, E., & Eisen, D. (2020, May 29). Economic Consequences of the COVID-19 Outbreak: the Need for Epidemic Preparedness. Retrieved from Frontiers in Public Health: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpubh.2020.00241/full#h3



Homeless communities can be categorized based on the circumstances of the people as it is a global issue. The community cannot be categorized by ethnicity or religion but by the living state/province of the people. The homeless community can be geographically but depends merely on the circumstances and the living state of the people.  

The members of the community are the people who are unable to have regular, and suitable residence or the people living in public/private shelter houses designed to provide temporary shelter with food and necessities as well as a public-private place hogged by homeless peopleAnother type of homelessness is a type of person who is couch surfing, meaning moving in with friends or family temporarily. People with no permanent address are also members of this community (Institute of Medicine, 1988). 

The role people play in this community can be categorized in people who are forced to be homeless due to their poverty and lack of living facilities Secondly some people choose to be homeless because of their addiction to a substance like drugs, alcohol and are not motivated to work on themselves or to improve their living conditions. They are dependent on the living facilities provided by the government. 

Poverty is the major cause of being a homeless person. Homeless people have a lot of concerns that they can solve. All of these problems are poverty. They may not have the resources to supply them with lodging and food. Many of them do not have jobs and find it impossible to get jobs. He goes back to the fact that they are not able to get jobs, which suggests that they do not have sources of income. Owing to a lack of schooling, most organizations and corporations do not accept them. The community of homeless people has the support of the government and some social workers who support provide them with basic facilities (Alowaimer, 2018). 

I am a part of a society in which there is a huge amount of homeless communities living on streets with proper shelter and necessities. I have seen this community very closely as there is no suitable residences provided for them by the government and they are involved in illegal activities like robbery, drugs. As a responsible individual of a society, it is my duty to observe other communities living around me and to talk about their basic rights and the threat they possess to society.  

It has a ripple effect throughout the community. It impacts on the availability of healthcare resources, crime and safety, the workforce, and the use of tax dollars, and all the members of the community are affected by this. The economic situation of the country is affected by the taxes used to provide for the homeless community.  

The situation of the homeless communities during the covid-19 pandemic is making their lives more difficult as they have less protective equipment and are at high risk of severe illness due to their living conditions and the transmission rate Is high. The shelter homes are made for the homeless and medical funds are provided for the homeless to help them in this critical time (CDC, 2020). 

The community needs to address the issue as they are people of the society and they have the right to have the basic needs for themselves. These people posses a threat to the community because of their illegal activities e.g., robbery, drugs, and kidnapping moreover they are a burden on the economic situation of the country as a huge amount of money is used to provide them with health care facilities and shelter homes (Caring Works). 

The issue of homeless people is one of the major issues of the society as this matter requires the attention of the government, social workers, and every individual of the society so that the living situation of the homeless people could be improved. 

Homelessness is a global phenomenon that had affected the entire world. Even the superpower countries like the USA, China, Russia, etc have this problem arising which has only been made worse by the recent events of covid-19. The worldwide recession caused by this calamity has transgressed into a world-wide depression which has not only left all of the countries and communities in distress but has made it essential for all of them to be allies to compensate for the loss of jobs and homes for people if they wish to control the rising poverty level.  

The skills and strengths we can offer to the community in addressing the issue is the need for proper motivation to resolve the problem. We will suggest the government build a training institute that will teach them new skills, as well as free education, should be provided to children. 

The home-less community has its strength and power. They are supported by the government for their healthcare and living support is given to them. The political parties use them for gaining votes. The strength of homeless people includes their skills and their unity to work as a group. Homeless people are capable interact with challenging circumstances, adopting a human agency focus rooted in the constructionist model of resilience (Benjamin and Maryann, 2016). 

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Benjamin S. Roebuck, Maryann M. Roebuck. (2016). The Strengths of Young People Who Are Homeless. Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health35(2), 1–12. https://www.homelesshub.ca/resource/strengths-young-people-who-are-homeless 

Institute of Medicine (US) Committee on Health Care for Homeless People. Washington (DC). (1988). Homelessness, Health, and Human Needs. Https://Www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK218239/#:~:text=As%20has%20been%20seen%20in,and%20people%20in%20rural%20areas

Osama Alowaimer. (2018). Causes, Effects and Issues of Homeless People. Https://Www.Longdom.Org/. https://www.longdom.org/open-access/causes-effects-and-issues-of-homeless-people-2167-0358-1000223.pdf 

Caring Works. (n.d.). Homelessness Affects All of Us. Https://Www.Caringworksinc.Org/. https://www.caringworksinc.org/our-impact/community-impact/#:~:text=Homelessness%20Affects%20All%20of%20Us&text=It%20has%20a%20ripple%20effect,as%20well%20as%20the%20future

CDC. (2020). Homelessness and COVID-19 FAQs. Https://Www.Cdc.Gov/. https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/community/homeless-shelters/faqs.html 




Women wear makeup in Canadian society either because they are insecure about their real appearances or because they want to conform to the social norm because they can face unacceptance in society for not wearing makeup. There are also women who want to wear makeup as a part of their free will, but the social norm also plays role in developing that behavior. For example, Kim Kardashian passed a negative comment on her sister Kourtney when she was not wearing makeup. Those women who cannot afford good quality and expensive makeup products or those who do not want to wear makeup as a social norm find this nom to be oppressive. I want to challenge this norm to change the ideas of women beauty, to free women from social pressure, and to promote acceptance towards one’s real beauty.   Women are believed to have perfect bodies and the idea is articulated throughout mass media. The norm of wearing makeup dates back to ancient Egyptian era where Cleopatra used lipstick as a makeup item. But, that was a long time ago, only royal and high class females were allowed to wear makeup. Makeup grew as a social norm for women in 1920s and 1930s and the fashion and makeup industries are growing ever since. However, this social norm of wearing makeup is not a healthy norm because it depicts women to have perfection in every aspect of their lives. They have to look perfect to meet the social expectations. Wearing makeup creates an incorrect idea of beauty where women have to have the flaws on their faces covered. This can also negatively affect the other women who do not have perfect skins and do not like to wear makeup.  This essay is aimed at challenging this social norm by thoroughly examining its causes and designing an experiment as a way to challenge the norm. 

In my experiment, I would go out without wearing makeup for a period of one week. This will help me to record the initial social reaction to our without-makeup faces and to see how my continuous behavior is accepted or rejected by my surroundings. This experiment will take place in the places where I have  physical presence; my building, on line and the places where I would go out. 

I tried not wearing makeup for one week. I would wake up in the morning, was my face with cleanser, apply sunscreen and moisturizer on my face and head out or do my personal meetings online during covid. The first day of my experiment was challenging because i would be asked if anything was wrong with me because i was not wearing makeup, they asked if I was tense and dealing with some difficult situation in my live. I  went out to eat and i  attracted some gazes because i am a female, i was not wearing any makeup. People seemed to think something was terribly wrong with with my mental and physical health.   The experiment was difficult in the beginning as I invited gazes and question. However, everyone in our surroundings got accustomed to our bare faces within 2 and the rest of the period of experiment was easy and I enjoyed having no pressure of wearing makeup. I believe that we can easily continue our behavior of not wearing makeup in the long run. There would be no change in our daily life but we may face difficulty while dating. This is because I may not wear makeup and our surrounding grow accustomed to it, but a larger part of society would take long to change the set stereotypes and set standards of beauty. 

My experiment was very simple and basic and I decided to do it without giving much thought to preparation. I could have talked to my friends about the social norm of wearing makeup and tell them my perspective about it. This way my first day would be easier than it was. My experiment turned out exactly as I thought it would. I was hoping that people would be shocked at first, find it hard to accept a face without makeup, and then they will grow accustomed to it and take it to be normal to not wear any makeup. My location and identity played a great role. My location was my home community where people notice what a person is wearing, so the change and a reaction to it had to come. On the places where i would hang out like in my building, online,  restaurants or even just walking into a store are also the places where it is a norm to wear makeup and be all dolled up. Being a female made the experiment more interesting and challenging because we had to apply everything on ourselves and face the reactions. I found my experiment to be very practical and I would carry out the same experiment if I have to, without changing anything. 

The inference drawn from the above discussion is that all the social norms are not healthy and expecting women to wear makeup in all social settings set a false beauty standards that can be detrimental for mental health of many women. Challenging this norm is need of the time and it is not difficult to change society’s perspective as it was proved by the experiment.

Media Relations:

The Next Music Generation 



Buegeler, C. (2016). Makeup, Your Mind: Social Expectations and Perceptions of Makeup Use (Doctoral dissertation, Brandeis University).

Edmonds, M. (nd) How Makeup Works, retrieved 15-02-2021, from https://people.howstuffworks.com/about-makeup1.htm

Lee, J. (2017) Defying the Norms of Makeup and Gender: Electra Snow’s Rainbow Eyes and Strive for Equality, retrieved 15-02-2021, from https://medium.com/thinking-about-queer-art-performance/defying-the-norms-of-makeup-and-gender-electra-snows-rainbow-eyes-and-strive-for-equality-d2658bf307c1

Ruffini, K. (2018) Kim Kardashian’s Comments About Kourtney’s Looks Are Uncalled For In This New ‘KUWTK’ Clip, retrieved 15-02-2021, from https://www.elitedaily.com/p/kim-kardashians-comments-about-kourtneys-looks-are-uncalled-for-in-this-new-kuwtk-clip-9958935

The female gaze (2016) Makeup, Social Expectations, and the Construction of Identity, retrieved 15-02-2021, from https://thefemalegaze.org/2016/05/01/makeup-social-expectations-and-the-construction-of-identity/




Homelessness is a significant issue faced by many countries globally and is the primary cause of mental disorders among people. A home is not just an area of earth, but a safe place to be oneself and where one feels freedom. Canada is also one of those countries facing significant issues of homeless people who get mentally ill afterward. The reasons for the increased ratio of mentally ill people in Canada include its lost culture, in which individuals have to leave their homes after a specific age or maybe due to some other factors such as hierarchy or strong friendships etc. (Philipps, 2012)

Mental illness and homelessness are interrelated to each other. Homelessness may be the cause of mental disorders, and mental illness may be the cause of someone’s homelessness. It is stated that mentally ill people due to homelessness are more generous than other mentally ill people. Homelessness is affecting the mental health of youngsters as well as old-age people. 

Filtering the mentally ill homeless people from others:

Although many people facing mental illness should keep in mind that homelessness is not always the reason for people’s mental illness. These mental disorders may be the cause of some other problems as well. We can differentiate the mentally ill homeless people from others by opting some of the following ways:

  • If you see someone who blames himself/ herself for every situation and perceives the situations negatively, he/ she may be mentally ill due to homelessness. We should address them adequately to help them.
  • Most mentally ill homeless people faced schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, severe depression, extreme anxiety, and substance abuse. Moreover, such people have the worst coping capabilities and lower self-esteem to filter the mentally ill homeless people by observing these disorders in them and addressing them. (Tarr, 2018)
  • We can also conduct research-based strategies by raising awareness among them and letting them fill questionnaires honestly. We can also conduct experiments in different areas to spot mentally ill people. 

Procedures to be opted by the government to treat mental illness:

Mental illness is a significant issue and is increasing day by day. As we know, mental illness may lead to physical health problems such as anxiety, and severe stress can lead to chronic diseases of the heart and lungs, so the governments should stop it by making effective strategies for developing their nations. We can opt for the following procedures to cope up with this issue in an effective way: 

  • First of all, Canada’s government should introduce a proficient housing scheme and provides shelters to the people. 
  • The government should sell the houses to working- women or men at low prices to buy quickly. 
  • The government should make rehabilitation centers, which are always there to assist mentally ill homeless people so that they can work speedily for their betterment towards a healthy lifestyle. 
  • The government should provide easy access to the rent houses for common civilians and the rents should be affordable for common people

Media Inquires:




Philipps, K., 2012. Homelessness: Causes, Culture and Community Development as, s.l.: s.n.

Tarr, P., 2018. Homelessness and Mental Illness: A Challenge to Our Society. Brain & Behavior, 19 novemeber.